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This blog post was published under the 2015-2024 Conservative Administration

Celebrating the Children and Nature Programme – how learning in nature supports children’s mental and physical health, social skills and attainment

Posted by: , Posted on: - Categories: Education, Mental health and wellbeing, Natural England
Group of children enjoying nature
© National Forest Company

“Who wouldn’t enjoy witnessing the children having a forward roll race on the grass outside?”

Natural England was delighted to be joined recently by representatives from government, the education and environment sectors at Liverpool John Moores University to celebrate the learning and successes of the Children and Nature programme.

We decided early on that instead of ‘telling’ people how important connecting children with nature was, we needed to show them. Having 30 primary school children present did cause some extra complications, but hearing children giggle while holding woodlice, seeing their delight as they used trigonometry in real-life to work out how tall trees were, and yes, roll down a slope, brought a lot to the day with many people reminiscing about how important outside spaces were in their own childhood for both learning and play.

three boys sit on a bench in nature, with their clip boards writing
Natural England

There is a wealth of evidence showing that children who spend time outside connecting with nature experience better mental and physical health and improved wellbeing. The 25 Year environment plan recognised this and included a policy commitment encouraging children to be close to nature, in and out of school; providing the framework for the Children and Nature Programme that Natural England has been leading on behalf of Defra and Department for Education (DfE). It was developed as three projects: Nature Friendly Schools, Community Forest and Woodland Outreach Project and Growing Care Farming.

The event held at Liverpool John Moores University, celebrated the successes of the Children and Nature programme and was launched by Natural England’s Marian Spain, She thanked the delivery partners, including The Royal Society of Wildlife Trusts, The Conservation Volunteers (TVC), Mersey Forest Trust, National Forest Company, Trees for Cities, Get out More CIC (Community Interest Company) and Social Farms and Gardens.

Marian reflected; “We’ve known for over a decade how important it is that children learn about - and in - nature, for their health, happiness and their success at school. That’s why I’m so delighted that Natural England and its partners have championed and delivered the Children and Nature Programme."

The school-focused projects enabled 53,000 children from 277 schools in disadvantaged areas to benefit, through improvements to school grounds, visits to community forests and residential trips. Care farms, which offer people with defined health, social or educational needs the chance to participate in a variety of farming activities for therapeutic benefit, have increased the number of places each year to over 675,000 (a 54 per cent increase). This scale of delivery despite the challenges of Covid has proved transformational for the participating schools, teachers and students. One teacher reported delightedly that “Children’s eyes lit up and giggles of excitement filled the air as pupils watched nature in their own school grounds.”

Four key insights that came from the programme, which will inform the success of future projects:

  1. A whole school approach, including senior leadership, teachers, and maintenance staff as well as all children, is the best way to support pupils’ mental health and learning while meeting school needs.
  2. Challenges like funding or lack of space are less important than building the skills and confidence of school staff to take teaching out into the natural world. It’s vital that teachers are supported to develop their own teaching approaches without creating extra burden.
  3. The best outcomes are seen when schools work with high-quality, local delivery partners (like the Children & Nature project partners) who understand their needs, tailor their support and will be around long after the specific project has finished.
  4. While schools represent the largest number of students, it is important to ensure that we don’t overlook those not in mainstream education. Care Farms as deliverers of high-quality alternative provision, need to be supported to enable them to continue to deliver the social, educational and therapeutic services to a diverse community of all ages.
Natural England

A panel session with representatives from Defra, DfE, Dom Higgins from the Wildlife Trusts, Paul Nolan from Mersey Forest Trust, Jan Rowe from Liverpool John Moores University and Amanda Craig People and Nature Director, Natural England, discussed hot topics from the audience including how to;

  • embed this learning into future policy;
  • better tackle diversity in environmental education;
  • support and enable more teachers to have confidence to take learning outside;
  • maximise benefits of learning in, as well as about nature; and
  • fund interventions to provide better access to nature and many more!

The Children and Nature team, within NE, continues to work strategically to support colleagues across government to ensure the learning from the programme informs future policy including the DfE Climate Change and Sustainability Strategy and the 25 Year Environment Plan review.

For more information please contact Kate Whitehead ( or Martin Gilchrist (

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  1. Comment by Pete Johnstone posted on

    This is a great project and well evidenced. I only hope that it leads to long term integration of nature into every day school learning across all schools in England.